We all know cavity is caused by bacteria and can be diagnosed by a hole that can be seen in the teeth. But a cavity does not happen overnight, it is the result of tooth decay that has been happening for quite some time.
But don’t lose heart (or maybe your teeth), this process can be treated and even reversed. But first learning how to reverse, let’s understand how the process of tooth decay begins.
Our Mouth – Home to Thousands of Bacteria
The mouth is home to all kinds of bacteria. They can be found on the tongue, gums, and teeth, basically everywhere. While some of them are good, some of them are really bad. It is the bad bacteria that are responsible for starting the process of tooth decay.
Tooth decay basically begins because of an acid which is formed when bacteria and the sugar that we eat in the form of food come in contact. This acid over a period of time leads to loss of minerals from the enamel. This loss is usually characterized by a white spot.
With proper care, tooth decay can be stopped right here at this point. Enamel with a little help from saliva is capable enough to make up for the lost minerals. But if ignored, the acid will keep destroying the enamel and eventually the white spot will grow into a cavity.
A cavity is something that would need a dentist’s help to be cured and repaired.
How to stop the process of tooth decay?
Tooth decay or a cavity is usually caused by not practicing good oral hygiene habits.
Here a few of the tips to make sure you never have to visit a dentist again for a filling:
Don’t Forget to Brush: Brush your teeth at least 2 times in a day and for at least 3 minutes to make sure you never have to complain about tooth decay.
Floss is Crucial: Make sure you don’t skip on the routine of flossing your teeth. Flossing helps in removing debris from every little nook and corner of the mouth where a tooth brush can’t reach easily.
Mouth Wash is the Magical Liquid: Using a dentist prescribed mouth wash that has fluoride and antiseptic properties will help in removing plaque and killing bacteria from the mouth. It will also ensure that you never have to face the problem of bad breath.
Fluoride is the Answer: everything that has fluoride will help in stopping the process of tooth decay and cavities. Whether it is toothpaste, water, supplements. Fluoride will make sure that the enamel is strong enough to repair the teeth and also help in killing the acid producing bacteria.
Keep a Check on What You are Eating: sugar is the main reason for tooth decay and cavity and it is derived from foods that are high in salt and sugar. In short all junk food that we love to eat are an instigator for the process of tooth decay. Instead of this opt for a more balanced and notorious diet which is good not only for the teeth but the whole body. Try and avoid food like candies, cookies and any kind of preserved fruit juices, even if you do consume these, make sure you brush your teeth as soon as possible.
Tap Water: drinking tap water is advantageous than bottled water as it gives you the required fluoride needed to help stop the process of tooth decay.
Seal the Teeth: Dental sealant is one sure shot way to prevent teeth from decaying. Sealants are basically thin plastic liquid, which acts as a barrier between the teeth and acid which is the main culprit. It is usually done on the molars as most number of cavities is reported in these back teeth.
Visit the Dentist Regularly: visiting a dentist for regular checkup will help you and the dentist make sure that no problem is going unnoticed and no small issue is getting ignored. Also a dentist with his expertise will help you in treating problems like plaque, bad breath, treating early signs of tooth decay.
New research is being conducted to invent more ways to stop/prevent tooth decay. In a recent study conducted it was found that XYILTOL, an artificial sweetener found usually in sugar free gums plays an effective role in stopping the growth of cavity producing bacteria. Also few materials are being explored which will ensure that fluoride keeps releasing in the mouth over a long period of time. These materials will be placed in mouth and that will make sure you never have to face any kind of tooth decay ever.
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